The automotive industry is constantly getting transformed by means of digitalization and globalization where, organizations need to retort and modernize to remain pertinent. Automotive manufacturers have an incredible opportunity to go beyond simply meeting industry standards. However, today’s automotive manufacturers experience a regulatory environment that reaches new heights on a regular basis as we march towards a new era of innovation in automotive where quality and compliance will be of utmost importance. Therefore, the focus on quality in automotive manufacturing is apparent, particularly among suppliers where, the need for them to demonstrate precise quality and compliance is very much an essential requirement for being considered as a supplier in the first place. Therefore a common set of regulations or standards that governs as to how a company makes and distributes its product or service to its customers safeguarding their brand name was in need for the industry. Therefore, ISO TS 16949 is a quality management assurance system that is primarily focused on the automobile industry that presents a global effort by stakeholders in the automobile industry and related sectors to promote the best and well developed management policies in the production of Automobiles in an effort to secure a safety and quality measure was devised. The IATF is a group of automotive manufacturers and their respective trade associations, formed to provide improved quality products to automotive customers worldwide.
One of the automotive industry’s most widely used international standards for quality management, ISO/TS 16949, is evolving with the publication of a new global industry standard which is the International Automotive Task Force (IATF).IATF 16949:2016 brings together standards from across Europe and the U.S., outlining everything you need to know about achieving best practice when designing, developing, manufacturing, installing, or servicing automotive products recognized as the basis for any company, to create a system to ensure customer satisfaction and improvement, and as such, many companies demand this as the minimum requirement for an organization to be a supplier.
The primary focus of the IATF 16949 standard is the development of a Quality Management System that provides for continual improvement, emphasizing defect prevention and the reduction of variation and waste in the supply chain. The standard, combined with applicable Customer-Specific Requirements (CSR’s), define the QMS requirements for automotive production, service and/or accessory parts.
Implementing IATF 16949 ensures that customers receive consistent, good quality products and services, which in turn may bring many business benefits. IATF 16949 specifies requirements for a Quality Management System when an organization wants to:
This new standard, which is based upon ISO 9001 standard, replaces the current ISO/TS 16949 and defines the requirements of a quality management system for organisations in the automotive industry.ISO TS 16949 reassures integrity and quality system control in all levels of production including supply of modern Automobiles, an initiative that has also been part of the International Automotive Task Force (IATF) policy frameworks.
The ISO/TS16949, developed by the world’s leading automotive manufacturers, is based on ISO 9001 QMS standard and national quality standards within the automotive industry. The standard applies to all manufacturers in the automotive supply chain worldwide – for cars, their parts, components or systems and can easily be integrated with standards already in use.The standard is based on seven Quality Management Principles such as:
In this section, the IATF 16949 standard requires an organization to determine its context in regards to the QMS considering the requirements of interested parties. It also specifies the requirements that an organization needs to consider in determining the scope of the QMS that needs to be implemented.
This section elaborates the need, for an organization, to define its corporate responsibility and the quality policy that enables the internal management to demonstrate their degree of assurance and leadership to the implemented QMS. The section also determines the need for the management to assign process owners along with other roles and responsibilities.
The Planning clause determines the requirements that an organization needs to fulfill for an effective risk treatment. The section specifies deliberately therequirements for preventive actions, contingency plans, and quality objectives and plans to achieve an effective risk management strategy.
This section details every requirement that needs to be in place in order to implement an effective QMS in accordance. The requirements includes people, infrastructure, work environment, monitoring and measuring resources, organizational knowledge, competence, awareness, communication, documented information and supporting processes all focused towards a successful QMS
The product requirements deal with all aspects of the planning and creation of the product or service. This section includes requirements on planning, product requirements review, design, purchasing, creating the product or service, and controlling the equipment used to monitor and measure the product or service.
This section details the ways in order to measure the effective functioning of the QMS system. The performance monitoring includes assessing customer satisfaction, internal audits, monitoring products and processes, and management review.
Continual improvement of the QMS is the most important factor of all and this section determines the requirements inorder to achieve it. This requirements include, nonconformities and corrective actions, problem solving, and error-proofing processes that needs to be in place.
Every of the above mentioned sections are based on a Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle, where the elementsare used to implement change within the processes of the organization in order to drive and maintain improvements within the processes. However, the extent of IATF 16949 documentation may vary from one organization to another due to the: